Programs: Financial institutions and forest industries - generate empirical anaylsis of financial governance in wood-based industries, and assess implications for forests, rural livelihoods, climate change, and economic development. Improve risk analysis, due diligence and social/environmental safeguards used by investors. Support transparent, accountable, and equitable decision-making processes among government agencies, corporations, financial institutions. Livelihood security and ecosystem protection - strengthen the capacity of poor or marginalized communities to maintain and/or improve their livelihoods, health, access to resources, food security, and other aspects of human well-being. Support the protection of valuable and vulnerable species and ecosystems, and promote enhanced understanding among stakeholders.