Mission: Udyama has been undertaking and facilitating modest attempts in a sustained manner, primarily to restore the
networks that can rejuvenate the resource base. Additionally, it empowers the communities in searching
alternative means to live with dignity and face the ‘Next Development
Challenges’ for a lasting solution to disaster resilient development and
adaptation to climate change vulnerabilities through a process of
participation, learning and positive action. In addition, Udyama has
embraced integrated and convergent action, meticulously imbedded into
the community-led programmes, for mitigating related issues like
education, sanitation, hygiene, nutrition and health that have a
significant influence on the lives of the poor in both rural and urban
Results: the main activities under the project relate to watershed with an objective of backward and forward linkage Farm And Nonfarm based livelihood Ecosystems In Coastal , Rural and Hilly areas
• Diversification of agricultural and horticulture practices
• Extension program - to revive and diversify the agricultural practices for protection of catchments and utilization of command area (up land, medium land and homestead area)
• Promoting community based institutions / farmers’ Groups - for self-employment and to generate own produce.
• Agri-Horticulture / silvi culture as alternate food security and best resource utilization
• Managing seed/grain Banks and Group Funds
• Skills, Knowledge, Information through capacity building initiatives
Non-farm based livelihood
• Small business development
• Micro-finance – linkages with mainstream
• Promotion of entrepreneurship
• Skill enhancement for value chain management
• Eco-Logical Development towards responsive development in harmony with nature & culture, life style
• Life cycle Based Community Livelihoods Resilience at Coastal, Rural and Tribal Hilly Regions
• Ecosystem based Model building on Micro-Water conservation , Sustainable Agriculture ,biodiversity conservation, Crop Diversification,
• Inclusion of Women & children towards safe Sanitation, House Hold Nutrition and Hygiene, Environmental Education
• Life Skill Development , income diversification And alternate livelihoods of ultra poor & disability
• Advocacy towards City Resilient program ,Green Energy
• Gearing Greening towards environmental sustainability
• Implementing & advocacy on Minimizing Adverse impact of Distress Migration at source and destination
• Citizen Action on climate Justice involving Women , Children and multi stakeholders
• Networking and mainstreaming DRR and Institution building,
• Result Based Management Training , Study & capacity building, collectives Grooming
Some of the key achievements of this process:
• 35 model micro projects developed with adequate back and forward linkages
• Crop diversification scaled up
• 30 CBOs and 10 smaller NGOs federating together to form the Consortium and is primarily working towards scaling up livelihoods in Western Orissa
• 200 barefoot trainers from the community have come forward to undertake the task of managing micro- watershed development and community institution building
• 248 nos. of women SHGs from the network are engaged in enterprising activity through leveraging resources from mainstream
• 1000 hectars of SRI( systems of Crop Intensification under Bringing Green Revolution to Eastern India
• • 200 farming community Promotion of Eco-Ariculture
• • 500 haters of Cereals covered under National Food Security Mission in tribal hinter lands at Koshagumuda of Nabarangpur district.
I more than 100 hectars of green forest protected
Direct beneficiaries per year: 4220 house hold
Geographic areas served: Orissa and adjoining states of India
Sunadhar Mirgan, a resident of Balenga village located in Kosagumuda Block of Nabarangpur district earns his livelihood primarily from one acre of land, the only asset under his possession. He has four sons and one daughter, all got separated after their marriage. He was under high depression and totally clueless about what to do after the heavy flood of 2011 which completely destroyed his paddy field. Not a single crop plant could be saved. At this time the VDC (village development committee) constituted as a result of the project interventions came to his rescue. After being informed about the committee and the benefits people getting from this institution, Mirgan approached the committee. He became an active member of the committee and took 30 Kgs of paddy seed. In return he agreed to rework on his field along with his wife to remove sand deposited by contributing their labour. Now the land is ready for next kharif paddy cultivation.
Myself Jayanti Nag (19) from Sargiguda village of Titlagarh Block. I belong to a very poor family. I have 3 three sisters and 1 brother. My father is a weaver (bamboo). He is selling all bamboo products in the weekly market. He was the only bread earner. Our entire family was depending on him on all aspect. When I came to knew that UDYAMA organization have started a skill development Training Centre. So I immediately took admission and completed successfully the 4 months Tailoring Training. Presently I am engaged in one of the lady tailoring shop of Titlagarh and earning Rs.60-70 rupees in a day. Now I feel very happy because I am supporting my family. Gradually I am able to stitch different types of ladies garments. I hope and believe in the coming days to start my own shop and earn 200-300 a days.. So I am very much thankful to my trainer and UDYAMA for providing this opportunity to earn our livelihood.
• Activity and invention of develop the Light system by using old batteries.
To develop light system by using old batteries the boy used Materials like Cow dung, sand, 4no’s of old batteries, one meters of electric wire, 4no’s of Tin pot And one LED bulb, First he brings a the tin pot in a row and fills cow dung and sand Inside the pot, then take place the batteries inside the pot, then he takes the electric wire and connect the batteries in series process, after that he connects the LED bulb +ve Side of the electric wire, He can use his light for whole night and upto six month valid. He heard that cow dung is used for earthing so he tries to use that and at last he gets succeeded. He very much likes solar light because he is getting better light and he uses for study purpose and Lighting the house.
As per the question want to know about the families,average monthly expenditure on firewood and kerosene. We have discussed with the solar club members , as per their opinion that they are spending Rs60-70 for Kerosene and two number bicycle load of firewood, cost of one bicycle load firewood t is around Rs200/-. So total average monthly expenditure cost of firewood and kerosene is around Rs460-470/-. The families are using kerosene and firewood regularly for lighten their home and prepare the food.
The following are the name of the members of solar club
Sl No Name Husband Name Age Caste BPL/APL Total Family Member Major Source of Income Monthly average Income
1 Nirabati Majhi Makaru Majhi 30 ST APL 3 Soap keeper 5000
2 Bhumi Majhi Dambaru Majhi 45 ST BPL 3 Labour 3500
3 Madana Majhi Mitu Majhi 30 ST BPL 6 Labour 2500
4 Urmila Jani Durbadala Jani 40 ST BPL 6 Labour 2800
5 Surubali Majhi Dasan Majhi 50 ST BPL 3 Labour 3100
6 Prema Majhi Dhaneswar Majhi 30 ST APL 4 Farmer/Labour 3400
7 Hira Bag Nara Bag 45 OBC BPL 6 Labour 3300
8 Banita Bhoi Braja Bhoi 50 ST BPL 4 Labour 2900
9 Bilasa Majhi Bruhaspati Majhi 32 ST BPL 6 Labour 3500
10 Chatri Jhankar Santosh Jhankar 29 ST BPL 6 Labour 2900
Most of them are from ninority/Dalit and Adivasi categories. The entire members have few land and they cultivate paddy, ragi, and vegetables from that land, but which is not sufficient for them to survive their livelihood. So most of them are doing and working as a daily labourer for their livelihood. This is the main source of income.
Decisions and Resolutions of the solar club
In Mathanpalla Village there are 10 members formed the solar club and selected their office bearer’s for management of the club. They have decided that each member will contribute Rs30/- per month for repairing of the solar light. From January 2010 to till date their total contribution collection is Rs.4,200/-. And they also get Rs.3,000/- from Udyama which has deposited in Utkal Gramya Bank, Bijepur. From that money they spend Rs620/- towards purchasing register, stamp pad, photograph of members for opening Bank account and repairing of the solar light. Now their total Bank balance amount is RS 6,580/- .
Problems faced before getting solar light:-
• They lived in dark in the night.
• They had spend Rs30/60 varies even - per month for charging their mobile.
• If any emergency in night they faced so many problems
• There students can not read in night time.
• Fear of snake bites
These are the problems which have faced before getting the solar light.
Benefits from the solar light:-
• Now they free from monthly kerosene expenses
• There students can read properly in the night time
• There free from danger of snakes and other insects
• Now they don’t give any charges for mobile charging
• Now anytime they can go outside
• Using lights for common function and rituals
These benefits are getting from the solar light. According to the village people solar light is the solution of their electricity problem. The villagers are so happy. Now they know the proper use of the solar light. Now they are managing on their own If they faced any problems then usually call or inform to the Udyama staff for their problem solution. This project is properly implemented in this village and became fruitful.
Remarks from our side:-
If some extra solar lights will provide in this village it is so good for the village
People, there has discussion with the group, as per their opinion, another 26no’s of families are interested to install solar light in their home, and also agree to pay minimum(Rs200.00 to Rs300.00 )contribution after getting the solar light, because these families are poor Dalit and Adivasi families.
We have taken interview of two members’ of the solar club, named Nirabati Majhi and Bilash Majhi about the benefit which they get after installing solar light in their home.
Their opinion is written below:-
Opinion of Nirabati Majhi after installation of solar light:-
(1) Name of the member- Nirabati Majhi
Husband’s name- Makaru Majhi
Occupation- Mini Grocery shop keeper and khali stitching.
after installing solar light in her home their family get benefits like:-
At night she runs her shop without any light problem.
Save Rs60 for month for kerosene expenses which they spend before.
At night time they have no fear from snacks and insects.
Children’s are reading more time at night.
She is stitching khali till late night and get’s more income.
They take the light out side of the house when it required at night.
So as a whole the family is very much happy to get the benefit of solar light.
Opinion of Bilash Majhi after installation of solar light:-
(2). Name of the member- Bilash Majhi
Husband’s name- Bruhaspati Majhi
Occupation- Labourer and Jhadu, and Khalidana maker
Her feeling is same as Nirabati Majhi, but her income level has increased, because she is making more numbers of Jhadu(brooms) at night, because of better light.